October 29, 2020

Thyroid Disorder

  • Nearly 1/3rd Indian adult suffer from a thyroid disorder
  • 1 in 10 Indian have hypothyroidism – twice prevalent in women than in men. Weakness, fatigue, weight gain, depression, high cholesterol gain affecting workforce overall productivity and absenteeism
  • Risk of obesity, joint pains and heart diseases in later stages if goes unchecked

Thyroid is a large butterfly shaped gland situated in the front part of the neck, just below the larynx (voice box). Being a ductless gland its hormones are secreted directly into the bloodstream. Triiodothyroxine (T3) and thyroxine (T4), the two thyroid hormones, help in keeping the body active physically as well as mentally, maintain body temperature and energy levels, fluid balance and maintain cardiac rate when produced normally. However their production is regulated by another hormone; Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) secreted by the pituitary gland.

When the thyroid gland does not function properly, it can have an impact on every aspect of our health, and in particular, weight, mental state, and energy levels. Some of the symptoms that signal the possibility of thyroid problems are obesity, depression, anxiety, hair loss, heart disease, sexual dysfunction and infertility. The symptoms may be mild or often be confused with other problems which is why many patients remain undiagnosed and untreated for a long time.

Generally, individuals with a family history of thyroid problems, abnormal menstrual history, high cholesterol levels and those who feel exhausted and fatigued or women above 40 years of age are more likely to have thyroid problems. It is therefore essential to have thyroid function tests done to rule out any possibilities of thyroid abnormalities.

Vital Tests

  • Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH)
  • Total Triiodothyronine (T3)
  • Total Thyroxine (T4)
  • Free Triiodothyronine (FT3)
  • Free Thyroxine (FT4)
  • Thyroid Profile – It is a comprehensive package containing all the above tests.

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